Fluoxetine is a medication that belongs to a class of drugs known as selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs).
It is commonly sold under the brand name Prozac. Fluoxetine is primarily prescribed to treat conditions like:
- Depression: It is often used to manage symptoms of major depressive disorder.
- Anxiety Disorders: It can help with various anxiety disorders, such as generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, social anxiety disorder, and obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD).
- Bulimia Nervosa: Fluoxetine is approved for the treatment of bulimia nervosa, an eating disorder.
- Premenstrual Dysphoric Disorder (PMDD): In some cases, it may be prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of PMDD, a severe form of premenstrual syndrome (PMS).
Fluoxetine works by increasing the levels of serotonin, a neurotransmitter in the brain that plays a key role in regulating mood and emotions. This helps in improving mood and reducing symptoms associated with the mentioned conditions. However, it should only be used under the supervision of a healthcare professional, as it can have side effects and may interact with other medications or medical treatments.
Common side effects include:
- Dry mouth
- Drowsiness or insomnia
- Weight changes
- Changes in sexual desire or function
It’s important to monitor your symptoms and consult a healthcare professional if you experience any unusual or severe reactions.