Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) is a mental health condition characterized by obsessive thoughts and compulsive behaviors. It is a common disorder that affects people of all ages around the world. Most cases of OCD occur by the age of 19, although boys tend to experience OCD earlier than girls.
OCD can take various forms, including thoughts and behaviors. The Mayo Clinic states that OCD generates thoughts that are “intrusive and cause distress or anxiety.” Behaviors associated with OCD include washing, checking, and arranging.
Anxiety, depression and OCD are often interrelated and can trigger each other.
Qualified mental health providers use criteria contained in The Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, 5th Edition (DSM-V) to help diagnose OCD. Medical professionals arrive at a diagnosis by asking questions and observing behaviors of patients under treatment.
OCD can affect romantic relationships. Some individuals diagnosed with OCD struggle to be fully present during sex because they are having intrusive thoughts. This can present challenges in relationships.
In fact, there are a number of complications related to OCD which can damage quality of life. Some people with OCD spend a great deal of time on certain rituals, such as washing. For example, Dermatitis can be a result of excessive washing.
Some people with OCD have extra challenges being at work or school or interacting in social settings due to their obsessive thoughts and compulsions.
Consulting a mental health professional is the best way to understand and treat OCD and related issues.